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'''Alfred Trevor Barker''' (b. October 10, 1893- d. July 17, 1941) was a [[Theosophist]], writer, and lecturer. He is well-known in the Theosophical world for his transcription, compilation and publication of the [[The Mahatma Letters to A. P. Sinnett (book)|''The Mahatma Letters to A. P. Sinnett'']] and [[The Letters of H. P. Blavatsky to A. P. Sinnett (book)|''The Letters of H. P. Blavatsky to A. P. Sinnett'']].
 
'''Alfred Trevor Barker''' (b. October 10, 1893- d. July 17, 1941) was a [[Theosophist]], writer, and lecturer. He is well-known in the Theosophical world for his transcription, compilation and publication of the [[The Mahatma Letters to A. P. Sinnett (book)|''The Mahatma Letters to A. P. Sinnett'']] and [[The Letters of H. P. Blavatsky to A. P. Sinnett (book)|''The Letters of H. P. Blavatsky to A. P. Sinnett'']].
  
== Biographical information ==
+
== Early life and education ==
  
A. Trevor Barker was born at Las Palmas in the Canary Islands, on [[October 10]], 1893. He married Virginia, also an active Theosophist, with whom he had four children.
+
A. Trevor Barker was born at Las Palmas in the Canary Islands, on [[October 10]], 1893. Barker was well educated, and referred to as "Dr." but nothing is known about his education. He married Virginia, also an active Theosophist, with whom he had four children.  
  
Dr. Barker joined the [[Theosophical Society (Adyar)]], but resigned from this organization in 1925. During this time he transcribed and published [[The Mahatma Letters to A. P. Sinnett (book)|''The Mahatma Letters to A. P. Sinnett'']]. In 1926, he published [[The Letters of H. P. Blavatsky to A. P. Sinnett (book)|''The Letters of H. P. Blavatsky to A. P. Sinnett'']].
+
== Theosophical work ==
  
On [[July 30]], 1930, he joined the [[Theosophical Society (Pasadena)]], soon becoming the President of its English Section for a number of years.<ref>"In Memoriam." ''The Hill of Discernment''. Point Loma, Calif.:Theosophical University Press, 1941.</ref> It was Dr. Barker who suggested London as the place to hold the commemoration of the hundredth anniversary of [[H. P. Blavatsky]]'s birth that [[Gottfried de Purucker]] was planning. On [[June 24]], 1931, Dr. Barker chaired the Centennial Conference, which was well attended by leading representatives of the principal Theosophical Societies.
+
Dr. Barker joined the [[Theosophical Society (Adyar)|Theosophical Society based in Adyar, Chennai, India]], but resigned from this organization in 1925. During this time he transcribed and published [[The Mahatma Letters to A. P. Sinnett (book)|''The Mahatma Letters to A. P. Sinnett'']]. In 1926, he published [[The Letters of H. P. Blavatsky to A. P. Sinnett (book)|''The Letters of H. P. Blavatsky to A. P. Sinnett'']].
  
Dr. Barker was also editor of ''The English Theosophical Forum'' and instrumental for the edition of ''The Complete Works of H. P. Blavatsky'' begun by Rider & Company of London, in 1932.
+
On [[July 30]], 1930, he joined the [[Point Loma|Point Loma society]], soon becoming the President of its English Section for a number of years.<ref>"In Memoriam." ''The Hill of Discernment''. Point Loma, Calif.:Theosophical University Press, 1941.</ref> It was Dr. Barker who suggested London as the place to hold the commemoration of the hundredth anniversary of [[H. P. Blavatsky]]'s birth that [[Gottfried de Purucker]] was planning. On [[June 24]], 1931, Dr. Barker chaired the Centennial Conference, which was well attended by leading representatives of the principal Theosophical Societies.
  
By 1937 Dr. Barker's health was in a deteriorating condition. Mrs. Elsie Benjamin, secretary to Dr. de Purucker, met Barker at the time. She wrote:
+
Dr. Barker was also editor of ''The English Theosophical Forum'' and instrumental in the editing of [[Collected_Writings_(book)|''The Complete Works of H. P. Blavatsky'']] begun by Rider & Company of London, in 1932.
 
 
<blockquote>All during that time Trevor was a very ill man, and his illness particularly taking the form of deep depression and excessive fatigue. . . .<ref>Michael Gomes, ''The Canadian Theosophist'', Vol. 68 No. 5 (Nov.-Dec., 1987), 117.</ref></blockquote>
 
 
 
Owing to the very trying circumstances in England, Mrs. Virginia Barker and the four children left the country in the fall of 1940 and went to the USA, to the state of Washington.<ref>Anon., ''In Memoriam--A. Trevor Barker, Vol 19 No. 3 (Sep. 1941), p. 222</ref>
 
 
 
Dr. Barker died after a very brief illness on [[July 17]], 1941, in Torquay, Devon, England. His lectures and some writings were compiled into the book ''The Hill of Discernment'' by [[Gottfried de Purucker]], who wrote in the preface:
 
 
 
<blockquote>With the death of A. Trevor Barker on July 17th of this year, the spontaneous wish was expressed by his many friends all over the world that his lectures and writings might be gathered together for publication in some permanent form. The present work, THE HILL OF DISCERNMENT, is an answer to this widespread desire. It contains in large part all the available addresses given in various parts of England, mainly to Theosophical groups and lodges, to European Conventions of the Theosophical Society, and to various 'fraternization' meetings with the Phoenix Lodge and other Lodges of the Adyar T. S. in England.
 
<ref>"Compilers' Preface." ''The Hill of Discernment''. Point Loma, Calif.:Theosophical University Press, 1941.</ref></blockquote>
 
  
 
== The Mahatma Letters ==
 
== The Mahatma Letters ==
  
Barker's most important contribution was the transcription, compilation, and publication of the ''The Mahatma Letters to A. P. Sinnett''. [[Alfred Percy Sinnett|Mr. Sinnett]], recipient of many letters from the Masters known as [[Koot Hoomi]] and [[Morya]], had died in 1921. His correspondence with the Mahatmas and with [[Helena Petrovna Blavatsky]] passed on to Maud Hoffman, who had tended him with a daughter's devotion during his last illness.<ref>James Moore, ''Theosophical History'' Vol.3 No. 3, (July 1990), 77.</ref>
+
Barker's most important contribution was the transcription, compilation, and publication of the '''[[The Mahatma Letters to A. P. Sinnett (book)|''The Mahatma Letters to A. P. Sinnett'']]'''. [[Alfred Percy Sinnett|Mr. Sinnett]], recipient of many letters from the [[Masters of the Wisdom|Masters]] known as [[Koot Hoomi]] and [[Morya]], had died in 1921. His correspondence with the Mahatmas and with [[Helena Petrovna Blavatsky]] passed on to Maud Hoffman, who had tended him with a daughter's devotion during his last illness.<ref>James Moore, ''Theosophical History'' Vol.3 No. 3, (July 1990), 77.</ref>
  
 
It is not clear how Dr. Barker started working on this project. [[Grace Knoche]] wrote:
 
It is not clear how Dr. Barker started working on this project. [[Grace Knoche]] wrote:
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One of Trevor's last actions was arranging for the depositing of the originals of the ''The Mahatma Letters to A. P. Sinnett'' in the British Museum, in the Department of Select Manuscripts.<ref>"In Memoriam." ''The Hill of Discernment''. Point Loma, Calif.:Theosophical University Press, 1941.</ref>
 
One of Trevor's last actions was arranging for the depositing of the originals of the ''The Mahatma Letters to A. P. Sinnett'' in the British Museum, in the Department of Select Manuscripts.<ref>"In Memoriam." ''The Hill of Discernment''. Point Loma, Calif.:Theosophical University Press, 1941.</ref>
  
== Writings and Lectures ==
+
== Connection with Gurdjieff's teachings ==
 +
 
 +
A. P. Sinnett's legatee, Maud Hoffman, and Dr. Barker knew each other by 1921. According to James Moore they both became pupils of [[P. D. Ouspensky]] at 38 Warwick Gardens, Kensington, during the autumn of that year. In the autumn of 1922 they became residential pupils at [[G. I. Gurdjieff|Gurdjieff's]] ''Institute for the Harmonious Development of Man'', at Fontainebleau-Avon. There, Dr. Barker was part of a small group that included Ouspensky's and Gurdjieff's wives.<ref>James Moore, ''Theosophical History'' Vol.3 No. 3, (July 1990), 78.</ref>
 +
 
 +
== Later years ==
 +
By 1937 Dr. Barker's health was in a deteriorating condition. [[Elsie Benjamin|Mrs. Elsie Benjamin]], secretary to Dr. de Purucker, met Barker at the time. She wrote:
 +
 
 +
<blockquote>All during that time Trevor was a very ill man, and his illness particularly taking the form of deep depression and excessive fatigue. . . .<ref>Michael Gomes, ''The Canadian Theosophist'', Vol. 68 No. 5 (Nov.-Dec., 1987), 117.</ref></blockquote>
  
Dr. Trevor Barker's writings and lectures have been compiled in [http://www.theosociety.org/pasadena/hill/hill-7.htm# ''The Hill of Discernment''], published by The Theosophical University Press. This book provides [http://www.theosociety.org/pasadena/hill/hill-7.htm#memorandum information] as to where and when the various lectures contained in that volume were given.
+
Owing to the very trying circumstances in England, Mrs. Virginia Barker and the four children left the country in the fall of 1940 and went to the USA, to the state of Washington.<ref>Anon., ''In Memoriam--A. Trevor Barker, Vol 19 No. 3 (Sep. 1941), p. 222</ref>
  
== Connection with Gurdjieff's teachings ==
+
Dr. Barker died after a very brief illness on [[July 17]], 1941, in Torquay, Devon, England. His lectures and some writings were compiled into the book ''The Hill of Discernment'' by [[Gottfried de Purucker]], who wrote in the preface:
  
A. P. Sinnett's legatee, Maud Hoffman, and Dr. Barker knew each other by 1921. According to James Moore they both became pupils of [[P. D. Ouspensky]] at 38 Warwick Gardens, Kensington, during the autumn of that year. In the autumn of 1922 they became residential pupils at [[G. I. Gurdjieff|Gurdjieff's]] ''Institute for the Harmonious Development of Man'', at Fontainebleau-Avon. There, Dr. Barker was part of a small group that included Ouspensky's and Gurdjieff's wives.<ref>James Moore, ''Theosophical History'' Vol.3 No. 3, (July 1990), 78.</ref>
+
<blockquote>With the death of A. Trevor Barker on July 17th of this year, the spontaneous wish was expressed by his many friends all over the world that his lectures and writings might be gathered together for publication in some permanent form. The present work, THE HILL OF DISCERNMENT, is an answer to this widespread desire. It contains in large part all the available addresses given in various parts of England, mainly to Theosophical groups and lodges, to European Conventions of the Theosophical Society, and to various 'fraternization' meetings with the Phoenix Lodge and other Lodges of the Adyar T. S. in England.
 +
<ref>"Compilers' Preface." ''The Hill of Discernment''. Point Loma, Calif.:Theosophical University Press, 1941.</ref></blockquote>
  
 
== Writings ==
 
== Writings ==
  
* '''''The Mahatma Letters to A. P. Sinnett'''''. Available at [http://www.theosociety.org/pasadena/mahatma/ml-hp.htm Theosophical University Press.]
+
In addition to his editorial work, Dr. Barker wrote for his Theosophical audience.
* '''''The Letters of H. P. Blavatsky to A. P. Sinnett'''''. Available at [http://www.theosociety.org/pasadena/hpb-aps/bl-hp.htm Theosophical University Press.]
+
 
* '''''The Hill of Discernment'''''. Theosophical University Press.[http://www.theosociety.org/pasadena/hill/hill-hp.htm]
+
=== Books and pamphlets ===
 +
 
 +
* '''[[The Mahatma Letters to A. P. Sinnett (book)|''The Mahatma Letters to A. P. Sinnett'']]'''. Available at [http://www.theosociety.org/pasadena/mahatma/ml-hp.htm Theosophical University Press.]
 +
* '''[[The Letters of H. P. Blavatsky to A. P. Sinnett (book)|''The Letters of H. P. Blavatsky to A. P. Sinnett'']]'''. London: T. Fisher Unwin Ltd., 1925. Available at [http://www.theosociety.org/pasadena/hpb-aps/bl-hp.htm Theosophical University Press.]
 +
* '''''The Hill of Discernment'''''. Available at [http://www.theosociety.org/pasadena/hill/hill-hp.htm Theosophical University Press.] This book provides [http://www.theosociety.org/pasadena/hill/hill-7.htm#memorandum information] as to where and when the various lectures contained in that volume were given.
 
* '''''The Place of Devotion in the Light of Discipleship'''''.
 
* '''''The Place of Devotion in the Light of Discipleship'''''.
 
* '''''The Occult Law of Correspondence and Analogy'''''. Pamphlet.
 
* '''''The Occult Law of Correspondence and Analogy'''''. Pamphlet.
Line 57: Line 60:
 
* '''''The Creative Power of Thought'''''.
 
* '''''The Creative Power of Thought'''''.
 
* '''''Spiritual Gifts and Their Attainment'''''.
 
* '''''Spiritual Gifts and Their Attainment'''''.
 +
 +
=== Articles ===
 +
 +
The [[Union Index of Theosophical Periodicals]] lists [http://www.austheos.org.au/cgi-bin/ui-csvsearch.pl?search=Trevor+Barker&method=all over 100 articles] by or about Dr. Barker. The [http://theos-world.com/authors.html Theosophy World website] offers 25 articles, and here are other digital resources:
 +
 +
* '''[https://www.theosociety.org/pasadena/forum/f10n05p331_the-real-man.htm "The Real Man"]'''. ''The Theosophical Forum'' May 1937.
 +
* '''[https://www.theosophy-nw.org/theosnw/occult/ot-bark.htm "Psychic Phenomena"]'''. Condensed from ''The Theosophical Path'' vol 39. no. 4, April, 1931.
 +
* '''[https://www.theosociety.org/pasadena/forum/f08n01p08_why-study-theosophy.htm "Why Study Theosophy?"]'''. ''The Theosophical Forum'' January 1936.
 +
* '''[https://www.theosociety.org/pasadena/forum/f18n04p252_the-mysteries-of-death.htm "The Mysteries of Death"]'''. April 1941.
 +
* '''[https://www.theosociety.org/pasadena/forum/f19n03p186_the-living-dead.htm "The Living Dead"]'''. ''The Theosophical Forum'' September 1941. This was given as a lecture at the H. P. B. Lodge of the T. S. (Point Loma) in London, England, in 1934, and published posthumously.
 +
* '''[https://www.theosociety.org/pasadena/forum/f10n02p81_the-creative-power-of-thought.htm "The Creative Power of Thought"]'''. ''The ThHeosohical Forum'' February 1937.
 +
* '''[https://www.theosociety.org/pasadena/forum/f13n04p229_the-mystery-of-pain.htm "The Mystery of Pain"]'''. ''The Theosophical Forum'' October 1938.
 +
* '''[https://www.theosociety.org/pasadena/sunrise/01-51-2/s01n07p217_the-human-aspirant.htm "The Human Aspirant"]'''. ''Sunrise''.
 +
* '''[https://www.theosociety.org/pasadena/forum/f10n03p208_the-dual-aspect-of-wisdom.htm "The Dual Aspect of Wisdom"]'''. ''The Theosophical Forum'' March 1937.
 +
* '''[https://www.theosociety.org/pasadena/sunrise/51-01-2/oc-bark.htm "A Call to Action"]'''. ''Sunrise''.
 +
* '''[https://www.theosociety.org/pasadena/forum/f19n04p241_rising-above-desire.htm "Rising Above Desire"]'''. ''The Theosophical Forum'' October 1941.
 +
 +
== Additional resources ==
 +
 +
* [https://theosophy.world/encyclopedia/barker-alfred-trevor "Barker, Alfred Trevor"] in ''Theosophical Encylopedia''.
  
 
== Notes ==
 
== Notes ==

Latest revision as of 20:34, 6 November 2019

A. Trevor Barker, from frontispiece of The Hill of Discernment, 1941.

Alfred Trevor Barker (b. October 10, 1893- d. July 17, 1941) was a Theosophist, writer, and lecturer. He is well-known in the Theosophical world for his transcription, compilation and publication of the The Mahatma Letters to A. P. Sinnett and The Letters of H. P. Blavatsky to A. P. Sinnett.

Early life and education

A. Trevor Barker was born at Las Palmas in the Canary Islands, on October 10, 1893. Barker was well educated, and referred to as "Dr." but nothing is known about his education. He married Virginia, also an active Theosophist, with whom he had four children.

Theosophical work

Dr. Barker joined the Theosophical Society based in Adyar, Chennai, India, but resigned from this organization in 1925. During this time he transcribed and published The Mahatma Letters to A. P. Sinnett. In 1926, he published The Letters of H. P. Blavatsky to A. P. Sinnett.

On July 30, 1930, he joined the Point Loma society, soon becoming the President of its English Section for a number of years.[1] It was Dr. Barker who suggested London as the place to hold the commemoration of the hundredth anniversary of H. P. Blavatsky's birth that Gottfried de Purucker was planning. On June 24, 1931, Dr. Barker chaired the Centennial Conference, which was well attended by leading representatives of the principal Theosophical Societies.

Dr. Barker was also editor of The English Theosophical Forum and instrumental in the editing of The Complete Works of H. P. Blavatsky begun by Rider & Company of London, in 1932.

The Mahatma Letters

Barker's most important contribution was the transcription, compilation, and publication of the The Mahatma Letters to A. P. Sinnett. Mr. Sinnett, recipient of many letters from the Masters known as Koot Hoomi and Morya, had died in 1921. His correspondence with the Mahatmas and with Helena Petrovna Blavatsky passed on to Maud Hoffman, who had tended him with a daughter's devotion during his last illness.[2]

It is not clear how Dr. Barker started working on this project. Grace Knoche wrote:

Just what prompted Trevor Barker to contact Maud Hoffman, executrix of the estate of the late A. P. Sinnett who had died in 1921, is not known. It is of record that the Mahatma as well as the Blavatsky letters had been bequeathed by Mr. Sinnett "solely and unconditionally" to Miss Hoffman, and that she in turn had allowed this young man the "great privilege of undertaking the whole responsibility" for their transcription and publication in book form.[3]

It is on record that Dr. Barker and Maud Hoffman were co-students of P. D. Ouspensky in 1921,[4] which could explain how he obtained her permission and support to transcribe these letters and publish them in book form.

Dr. Barker published The Mahatma letters to A. P. Sinnett from the Mahatmas M. & K. H. through T. F. Unwin Ltd. in London, in 1923. Three years later he published The Letters of H. P. Blavatsky to A. P. Sinnett.

One of Trevor's last actions was arranging for the depositing of the originals of the The Mahatma Letters to A. P. Sinnett in the British Museum, in the Department of Select Manuscripts.[5]

Connection with Gurdjieff's teachings

A. P. Sinnett's legatee, Maud Hoffman, and Dr. Barker knew each other by 1921. According to James Moore they both became pupils of P. D. Ouspensky at 38 Warwick Gardens, Kensington, during the autumn of that year. In the autumn of 1922 they became residential pupils at Gurdjieff's Institute for the Harmonious Development of Man, at Fontainebleau-Avon. There, Dr. Barker was part of a small group that included Ouspensky's and Gurdjieff's wives.[6]

Later years

By 1937 Dr. Barker's health was in a deteriorating condition. Mrs. Elsie Benjamin, secretary to Dr. de Purucker, met Barker at the time. She wrote:

All during that time Trevor was a very ill man, and his illness particularly taking the form of deep depression and excessive fatigue. . . .[7]

Owing to the very trying circumstances in England, Mrs. Virginia Barker and the four children left the country in the fall of 1940 and went to the USA, to the state of Washington.[8]

Dr. Barker died after a very brief illness on July 17, 1941, in Torquay, Devon, England. His lectures and some writings were compiled into the book The Hill of Discernment by Gottfried de Purucker, who wrote in the preface:

With the death of A. Trevor Barker on July 17th of this year, the spontaneous wish was expressed by his many friends all over the world that his lectures and writings might be gathered together for publication in some permanent form. The present work, THE HILL OF DISCERNMENT, is an answer to this widespread desire. It contains in large part all the available addresses given in various parts of England, mainly to Theosophical groups and lodges, to European Conventions of the Theosophical Society, and to various 'fraternization' meetings with the Phoenix Lodge and other Lodges of the Adyar T. S. in England. [9]

Writings

In addition to his editorial work, Dr. Barker wrote for his Theosophical audience.

Books and pamphlets

Articles

The Union Index of Theosophical Periodicals lists over 100 articles by or about Dr. Barker. The Theosophy World website offers 25 articles, and here are other digital resources:

Additional resources

Notes

  1. "In Memoriam." The Hill of Discernment. Point Loma, Calif.:Theosophical University Press, 1941.
  2. James Moore, Theosophical History Vol.3 No. 3, (July 1990), 77.
  3. Grace Knoche, "Foreword to the Combined Chronology of Margaret Conger," [1]
  4. James Moore, Theosophical History Vol.3 No. 3, (July 1990), 78.
  5. "In Memoriam." The Hill of Discernment. Point Loma, Calif.:Theosophical University Press, 1941.
  6. James Moore, Theosophical History Vol.3 No. 3, (July 1990), 78.
  7. Michael Gomes, The Canadian Theosophist, Vol. 68 No. 5 (Nov.-Dec., 1987), 117.
  8. Anon., In Memoriam--A. Trevor Barker, Vol 19 No. 3 (Sep. 1941), p. 222
  9. "Compilers' Preface." The Hill of Discernment. Point Loma, Calif.:Theosophical University Press, 1941.