Difference between revisions of "Antiracism"

From Theosophy Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search
(History and current status of racism)
(4 intermediate revisions by the same user not shown)
Line 15: Line 15:
 
=== Attitudes toward racism ===
 
=== Attitudes toward racism ===
  
Racism has usually been regarded by Theosophists as a social evil to be opposed, along with violence, vivisection, and capital punishment. The "victims of racism" were assisted in small initiatives by the [[Theosophical Order of Service]] but no comprehensive consideration of or action against racism in society was ever undertaken in any of the major branches of the [[Theosophical Movement]]. Study of the [[Root-Race|Root Races]] described in Theosophical literature led to unfortunate generalizations about people of African, Aborigine, and other "Lemurian" descent that reinforced attitudes of racial superiority among some White members.
+
Racism has usually been regarded by Theosophists as a social evil to be opposed, along with such others as violence, vivisection, and capital punishment. The "victims of racism" have been assisted in small initiatives by the [[Theosophical Order of Service]] but no comprehensive consideration of or action against racism in society was ever undertaken in any of the major branches of the [[Theosophical Movement]]. Study of the [[Root-Race|Root Races]] described in Theosophical literature led to unfortunate generalizations about people of African, Aborigine, and other "Lemurian" descent that reinforced attitudes of racial superiority among some White members.
  
Theosophists in India and Sri Lanka worked diligently for decades to change laws and societal attitudes, to uplift the dalit (scheduled) caste, and to raise the value of native culture, but nothing equivalent ever happened in the United States. Even though individual African-American members, lecturers, and Society staff have been cherished over the years, at least three lodges of the [[American Theosophical Society]] were designated as "colored," showing that the First Object phrase "without distinction of race" was not being generally embraced. Most modern Theosophists would be shocked and appalled at this history, but do not know how to change the culture of their Theosophical groups and society at large.
+
Theosophists in India and Sri Lanka worked diligently for decades to change laws and societal attitudes, to uplift the dalit (scheduled) castes, and to raise the value of native culture, but nothing equivalent ever happened in the United States. Even though a few African-American members, lecturers, and Society staff have been cherished as individuals over the years, at least three lodges of the [[American Theosophical Society]] were designated as "colored," showing that the First Object phrase "without distinction of race" was not being generally embraced. Most modern Theosophists would be shocked and appalled at this history, but do not know how to change the culture of their Theosophical groups and society at large.
  
 
== Antiracism as culture and self-transformation ==
 
== Antiracism as culture and self-transformation ==
  
Becoming an '''antiracist''' is a process that modern Theosophists should aspire to paticipate in. Resmaa Menakem has said that White people must begin developing a '''culture of antiracism''' that will be transmitted to future generations. Aspiring antiracists should commit themselves to at least three years of study and group work to begin developing that culture.<ref>[https://www.aljazeera.com/programmes/thestream/2020/06/ally-black-lives-matter-movement-200608205806750.html "How can you be an ally to the Black Lives Matter Movement?"] discussion on Al Jazeera. Jun 8, 2020.</ref> Whites have to educate themselves in the history and language and actions and fabric of racism before they can hope to begin leading authentically antiracist lives.
+
Modern Theosophists should aspire to becoming '''antiracist'''. Healer Resmaa Menakem has said that White people must begin developing a '''culture of antiracism''' that will be transmitted to future generations. Aspiring antiracists should commit themselves to at least three years of study and group work to begin developing that culture.<ref>[https://www.aljazeera.com/programmes/thestream/2020/06/ally-black-lives-matter-movement-200608205806750.html "How can you be an ally to the Black Lives Matter Movement?"] discussion on Al Jazeera. Jun 8, 2020.</ref> Whites have to educate themselves in the history and language and actions and fabric of racism before they can hope to begin leading authentically antiracist lives.
  
Antiracism in a Theosophical context should be integrated into a holistic practice that includes [[study]], [[meditation]], and [[service]] for '''spiritual self-transformation'''. White American Theosophists, like other White Americans, should learn to identify and avoid racist thoughts, words, and actions toward the goal of creating a true brotherhood of humankind.
+
Antiracism in a Theosophical context should be integrated into a holistic practice that includes [[study]], [[meditation]], and [[service]] for '''spiritual self-transformation'''. White American Theosophists, like other White Americans, should learn to identify and avoid racist thoughts, words, and actions toward the goal of creating a true brotherhood of humankind, in the spirit of the First Object.
  
 
== Courses of study on antiracism ==
 
== Courses of study on antiracism ==
Line 29: Line 29:
 
Several approaches can be made to the study of how to become antiracist.
 
Several approaches can be made to the study of how to become antiracist.
  
* The book '''''How to Be an Antiracist''''' by Ibrahm X. Kendi provides an excellent introduction to the topic. Since the chapters are arranged topically, it could be read and discussed as written or in any preferred sequence.
+
* The book '''''How to Be an Antiracist''''' by Ibrahm X. Kendi provides an excellent introduction to the topic. Since the chapters are arranged topically, it could be read and discussed as written or in any preferred sequence. A '''[https://www.ibramxkendi.com/how-to-be-an-antiracist-1 study guide for groups]''' is available.
 
* '''[http://www.antiracistalliance.com/index.html Anti-Racist Alliance]''' offers units of curriculum with links to many resources, workshops, and meetings.
 
* '''[http://www.antiracistalliance.com/index.html Anti-Racist Alliance]''' offers units of curriculum with links to many resources, workshops, and meetings.
 
* '''[https://www.tolerance.org/classroom-resources Classroom Resources]''' at Teaching Tolerance provides lessons, learning plans, posters, and other resources.  
 
* '''[https://www.tolerance.org/classroom-resources Classroom Resources]''' at Teaching Tolerance provides lessons, learning plans, posters, and other resources.  
Line 60: Line 60:
 
* '''[https://www.smithsonianmag.com/history/158-resources-understanding-systemic-racism-america-180975029/ 158 Resources to Understand Racism in America]''' from Smithsonian Magazine. A rich narrative linking to high-caliber illustrated articles.
 
* '''[https://www.smithsonianmag.com/history/158-resources-understanding-systemic-racism-america-180975029/ 158 Resources to Understand Racism in America]''' from Smithsonian Magazine. A rich narrative linking to high-caliber illustrated articles.
 
* '''[http://www.antiracistalliance.com/consequences.html Curriculum Part Two: Understanding the Consequences]''' at AntiRacistAlliance. Collection of articles and resources on structural racism and its impacts.
 
* '''[http://www.antiracistalliance.com/consequences.html Curriculum Part Two: Understanding the Consequences]''' at AntiRacistAlliance. Collection of articles and resources on structural racism and its impacts.
 +
* '''[https://www.facebook.com/PhilVischer/videos/2611898429058130/UzpfSTExNDA4NjA4ODc6MTAyMjI0ODgwODQ4ODc4MjI/ Race in America]''' by Phil Vischer. An excellent 18-minute history of racism in history, housing, incarceration, and education.
  
 
=== Classics of literature on race ===
 
=== Classics of literature on race ===
Line 91: Line 92:
 
* '''[https://theantioppressionnetwork.com/allyship/ Allyship]''' from PeerNetBC. This is written from an Canadian perspective, but offers material highly relevant to Americans.
 
* '''[https://theantioppressionnetwork.com/allyship/ Allyship]''' from PeerNetBC. This is written from an Canadian perspective, but offers material highly relevant to Americans.
 
* '''[https://www.aljazeera.com/programmes/thestream/2020/06/ally-black-lives-matter-movement-200608205806750.html How can you be an ally to the Black Lives Matter Movement?]''' discussion on Al Jazeera. Jun 8, 2020.
 
* '''[https://www.aljazeera.com/programmes/thestream/2020/06/ally-black-lives-matter-movement-200608205806750.html How can you be an ally to the Black Lives Matter Movement?]''' discussion on Al Jazeera. Jun 8, 2020.
 +
* '''[https://medium.com/awaken-blog/allyship-vs-accomplice-the-what-why-and-how-f3da767d48cc Allyship (&Accomplice): the What, Why, and How]''' by Michelle Kim in Medium.com. November 10, 2019. A brief but incisive blog post about allyship as a practice.
 
* '''[https://www.forbes.com/sites/shereeatcheson/2018/11/30/allyship-the-key-to-unlocking-the-power-of-diversity/#608b12cf49c6 Allyship - The Key To Unlocking The Power Of Diversity]''' by Sheree Atcheson. ''Forbes''. November 30, 2018. Suggests actions for businesses to take in promoting antiracism and in valuing diversity.
 
* '''[https://www.forbes.com/sites/shereeatcheson/2018/11/30/allyship-the-key-to-unlocking-the-power-of-diversity/#608b12cf49c6 Allyship - The Key To Unlocking The Power Of Diversity]''' by Sheree Atcheson. ''Forbes''. November 30, 2018. Suggests actions for businesses to take in promoting antiracism and in valuing diversity.
  

Revision as of 03:50, 31 July 2020

Antiracism or anti-racism has been defined as "the active process of identifying and eliminating racism by changing systems, organizational structures, policies and practices and attitudes, so that power is redistributed and shared equitably."[1] Another definition offered by Robert J. Patterson is "an active and conscious effort to work against multidimensional aspects of racism."

This article is intended to provide a basis for (1) individual study of how to become antiracist as an element of spiritual self-transformation; or (2) group work to establish a culture of antiracism. 
Stop Racism Black And White Hands.png

In its initial form, this course of study specifically explores the means by which White Americans can learn to join with Black Americans in achieving a society that is just, equitable, and compassionate. In the future the topic may be expanded to cover race relations of other groups, in other nations, and in the context of intersectionality. We also hope to add articles on other aspects of social justice within the context of Theosophy.

Theosophical Society and Race

The Theosophical Society and its successor organizations in the United States cannot been exempted from criticism that they lack a fully antiracist perspective, even though the intention to avoid distinction by race was declared early in the history of the Theosophical Movement.

First Object

In 1890, the First Object of the Theosophical Society took its present form: "To form the nucleus of a Universal Brotherhood of Humanity, without distinction of race, creed, sex, caste or colour." The Theosophical Society in America has done a good job in eliminating distinctions within our Society based on creed and sex, and caste is irrelevant in the United States. However, Theosophists have mostly edged away from consideration of race and color in writings, lectures, and activities, with much more emphasis placed on study of comparative religions and on interfaith activities.

Attitudes toward racism

Racism has usually been regarded by Theosophists as a social evil to be opposed, along with such others as violence, vivisection, and capital punishment. The "victims of racism" have been assisted in small initiatives by the Theosophical Order of Service but no comprehensive consideration of or action against racism in society was ever undertaken in any of the major branches of the Theosophical Movement. Study of the Root Races described in Theosophical literature led to unfortunate generalizations about people of African, Aborigine, and other "Lemurian" descent that reinforced attitudes of racial superiority among some White members.

Theosophists in India and Sri Lanka worked diligently for decades to change laws and societal attitudes, to uplift the dalit (scheduled) castes, and to raise the value of native culture, but nothing equivalent ever happened in the United States. Even though a few African-American members, lecturers, and Society staff have been cherished as individuals over the years, at least three lodges of the American Theosophical Society were designated as "colored," showing that the First Object phrase "without distinction of race" was not being generally embraced. Most modern Theosophists would be shocked and appalled at this history, but do not know how to change the culture of their Theosophical groups and society at large.

Antiracism as culture and self-transformation

Modern Theosophists should aspire to becoming antiracist. Healer Resmaa Menakem has said that White people must begin developing a culture of antiracism that will be transmitted to future generations. Aspiring antiracists should commit themselves to at least three years of study and group work to begin developing that culture.[2] Whites have to educate themselves in the history and language and actions and fabric of racism before they can hope to begin leading authentically antiracist lives.

Antiracism in a Theosophical context should be integrated into a holistic practice that includes study, meditation, and service for spiritual self-transformation. White American Theosophists, like other White Americans, should learn to identify and avoid racist thoughts, words, and actions toward the goal of creating a true brotherhood of humankind, in the spirit of the First Object.

Courses of study on antiracism

Several approaches can be made to the study of how to become antiracist.

  • The book How to Be an Antiracist by Ibrahm X. Kendi provides an excellent introduction to the topic. Since the chapters are arranged topically, it could be read and discussed as written or in any preferred sequence. A study guide for groups is available.
  • Anti-Racist Alliance offers units of curriculum with links to many resources, workshops, and meetings.
  • Classroom Resources at Teaching Tolerance provides lessons, learning plans, posters, and other resources.
  • The Unitarian Universalist Church has provided Examining Whiteness: An Anti-racism Curriculum of modular instruction.

Terminology

Resources for those aspiring to be antiracists

This is just a sampling of the materials that are available on these subjects.

Bibliographies

History and current status of racism

  • Stamped from the Beginning: The Definitive History of Racist Ideas in America by Ibrahm X. Kendi. Hachette Book Group, 2016. 594 pages. A compelling history built around five major American intellectual figures: Puritan leader Cotton Mather, founding father Thomas Jefferson, abolitionist William Lloyd Garrison, African-American scholar W.E.B. Du Bois, and activist Angela Davis.
  • Stamped: Racism, Antiracism, and You: A Remix of the National Book Award-winning Stamped from the Beginning by Jason Reynolds and Ibrahm X. Kendi. Little, Brown Books for Young Readers, 2020. Written for teens, this is described as "a timely, crucial, and empowering exploration of racism--and antiracism--in America" and "a field guide to American racism."
  • The Color of Law: A Forgotten History of How Our Government Segregated America by Richard Rothstein. Liveright, 2018. 368 pages.
  • 158 Resources to Understand Racism in America from Smithsonian Magazine. A rich narrative linking to high-caliber illustrated articles.
  • Curriculum Part Two: Understanding the Consequences at AntiRacistAlliance. Collection of articles and resources on structural racism and its impacts.
  • Race in America by Phil Vischer. An excellent 18-minute history of racism in history, housing, incarceration, and education.

Classics of literature on race

These are some of the foundational works of Black Studies, history, and sociology.

  • The Souls of Black Folk by W.E.B. Du Bois.
  • A Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave by Frederick Douglass. 1845. Autobiography volume 1.
  • My Bondage and My Freedom by Frederick Douglass. 1855. Autobiography volume 2.
  • Life and Times of Frederick Douglass by Frederick Douglass. 1881 (revised 1892). Autobiography volume 3.

Antiracism

Whiteness, White privilege, and White fragility

  • White Fragility: Why It's So Hard for White People to Talk about Racism by Robin Diangelo. Boston: Beacon Press, 2018. A White diversity trainer's advice to White people.
  • Curriculum Part One: Whiteness at AntiRacistAlliance. Collection of articles on Whiteness and privilege.

Allyship

Colorism

Fiction

Lists:

Titles:

  • To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee.
  • The Color Purple by Alice Walker.
  • Beloved by Toni Morrison.
  • Native Son by Richard Wright.
  • Roll of Thunder, Hear My Cry by Mildred D. Taylor.
  • Homegoing by Yaa Gyasi.
  • The Secret Life of Bees by Sue Monk Kidd.
  • Small Great Things by Jodi Picoult .

Films and documentaries

Lists:

Documentaries:

  • Eyes on the Prize. 1987-1990. Award-winning 14-part documentary on the American Civil Rights Movement.
  • 13th. Traces the mass incarceration of black men back to the ratification of the 13th Amendment in 1865.
  • Good Hair – Chris Rock documentary exploring "the way hairstyles impact the activities, pocketbooks, sexual relationship, and self-esteem of the black community" that is simultaneously hilarious, truthful, and poignant.

Fiction and biographies:

  • Selma. 2014. True story of the 1963 march from Selma to Montgomery, Alabama to support voting rights of Black citizens.
  • The Help. 2011. Based on 2009 novel by Kathryn Stockett, the story follows African American maids working in white households in Jackson, Mississippi.
  • Do the Right Thing. 1989. A Spike Lee comedy with an angry edge, examining violence and racism in Brooklyn.
  • All the Hate U Give. 2018. Based on bestselling young adult novel by Angie Thomas, this movie follows a young woman's journey into activism after she witnesses her best friend's death at the hands of police.
  • Loving. 2016. True story of an interracial couple in Virginia who defy miscegenation laws, and who were at the center of the landmark 1967 Supreme Court case.
  • Harriet. 2020. Biography of Harriet Tubman.
  • Dear White People. 2014. Comedy-drama about racial tensions at an Ivy League college from the perspective of several black students. Netflix presented a television series of the same name in 2017.

Global perspectives

These are examples of resources for study of racism, antiracism, and related topics outside the domain of Black and White Americans.

Websites and social media

Notes