Difference between revisions of "Dayānand Sarasvatī"

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'''Svāmī Dayānand Sarasvatī''' ([[February 12]], 1824 – [[October 30]], 1883) was an important Hindu religious leader of his time. He is well known as the founder of the [[Arya Samaj]], a Hindu reform movement of the Vedic tradition with which the [[Theosophical Society]] was associated from [[May 22]], 1878 until March 1882, changing its name for a time to that of the [[Theosophical Society of the Arya Samaj]].
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#redirect [[Dayanand Sarasvati]]
 
 
== Works and teachings ==
 
 
 
Dayananda advocated the doctrine of [[karma]] and skepticism in dogma, and emphasized the ideals of brahmacharya (celibacy) and devotion to God. He was the first to give the call for Swarajya – “India for Indians” – in 1876, later taken up by Lokmanya Tilak. Denouncing the idolatry and ritualistic worship prevalent in [[Hinduism]] at the time, he worked towards reviving Vedic ideologies. He promoted the equal rights of women, such as the right to education and reading of Indian scriptures, and translated the Vedas from [[Sanskrit]] into Hindi so that the common person might be able to read them.<ref>[http://cseindiaportal.wordpress.com/2012/10/11/dayananda-saraswati# Dayananda Saraswati] at CSE India Portal</ref>
 
 
 
== Relationships with Theosophists ==
 
 
 
In mid-December 1879, [[Helena Petrovna Blavatsky|Mme. Blavatsky]] persuaded [[A. P. Sinnett]] and his wife to visit with her and [[Henry Steel Olcott|Col. Olcott]] in Benares. Sinnett wrote, "The Vizaanagram Rajah had lent her a house where, in a detached bungalow at the end of the garden, the Swami Dyanano Saraswati was staying. Madame Blavatsky raised our expectations concerning him to a very high level, but they were disappointed as he was either unable or unwilling to give us any manifestation of occult power."<ref>Alfred Percy Sinnett, ''Autobiography of Alfred Percy Sinnett'' (London: Theosophical History Centre, 1986), 25.</ref>
 
 
 
== Attacks on Theosophical Society ==
 
 
 
On [[March 26]], 1882, he lectured in Bombay and launched an attack denouncing [[Founders#The Founders|the Founders]] and the T. S., and continued to do that in other lectures. [[Henry Steel Olcott|Col. Olcott]] wrote that "as though possessed by some evil spirit, he repeated his insults and misrepresentations over and over again in lectures", and was surprised at "the extreme language of the Swami - who publicly called us liars and cheating jugglers".<ref>[http://www.blavatskyarchives.com/olcott1882.htm# Swami Dayanand's Charges by Colonel Henry S. Olcott] at Blavatsky Study Center.</ref>
 
 
 
== Chelaship ==
 
He was a [[chela]] of the [[Masters of Wisdom]], although eventually failed. On October 1882 [[Koot Hoomi|Master K.H.]] wrote to [[Alfred Percy Sinnett]] in [[Mahatma Letter No. 92#Page 12|one of his letters]] about the Swami's "ferocious ambition that he mistakes for patriotism":
 
 
 
<blockquote>D. Swami was an [[Initiation|initiated]] Yogi, a very high chela at Badrinath, endowed some years back with great [[Siddhis|powers]] and a knowledge he has since forfeited. . . . And now see what has become of this truly great man, whom we all knew and placed our hopes in him. There he is — a moral wreck, ruined by his ambition and panting for breath in his last struggle for supremacy, which, he knows we will not leave in his hands.<ref>Vicente Hao Chin, Jr., ''The Mahatma Letters to A.P. Sinnett in chronological sequence'' No. 92 (Quezon City: Theosophical Publishing House, 1993), 293.</ref></blockquote>
 
 
 
== Death ==
 
 
 
In 1883 Dayananda was invited by the Maharaja of Jodhpur to stay at his palace, and was eventually poisoned by the cook. Many doctors came to treat him in an attempt to save his life, but all was in vain. He was bedridden and suffered excruciating pain, his body covered all over with large bleeding sores. He died on October 30, 1883, at the age of 59.<ref>[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dayananda_Saraswati#Death Dayananda Saraswati] at Wikipedia.</ref>
 
 
 
== Legacy ==
 
 
 
According to [[Josephine Ransom]],
 
<blockquote>
 
He was a learned, powerful and provocative and and an energetic reformer. He was anxious to restore the authority of the Vedas, challenged conventional interpretations of them, and forced orhodox Pandits to discuss his challenges. He stirred many thousands of Indians from indifference to active patriotism. He was an ardent eductionalist and advocate of the freedom of women from certin diabilities, and promoted widow remarriage.
 
 
 
After a strenuous life, he left a great record of reform, and a shining memory in India.<ref>Josephine Ransom, ''A Short History of the Theosophical Society'' (Adyar, Chennai, India: Theosophical Publishing House, 1938), 121-122.</ref>
 
</blockquote>
 
 
 
== Writings ==
 
 
 
* '''''Rig-Vedâdi-Bhâshya-Bhûmika'''''. Introduction to the Commentary on the ''Vedas''. Transpalted by Ghasi Fam. Meerut, 1925.
 
 
 
== Notes ==
 
<references/>
 
 
 
[[Category:Associates of HPB|Dayānand Sarasvatī]]
 
[[Category:Nationality Indian|Dayānand Sarasvatī]]
 
[[Category:Hindus|Dayānand Sarasvatī]]
 
[[Category:Chelas|Dayānand Sarasvatī]]
 
[[Category:People|Dayānand Sarasvatī]]
 

Latest revision as of 22:58, 12 October 2020

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