Paul Klee

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Paul Klee
Forest Witches

Paul Klee was a Swiss-German artist influenced by Theosophy and by the art movements of Expressionism, Cubism, and Surrealism.

Personal life

Paul Klee was born December 18, 1879 in Münchenbuchsee, Switzerland. His German father was a music teacher and his mother was a Swiss singer. The boy, a talented violinist, naturally aspired to a musical career until he found more meaning in the visual arts. He was not a stellar student, but in 1898 was admitted to the Academy of Fine Arts in Munich.

He died on June 29, 1940.

Artistic career

Klee was known for his writings and lectures on color theory and design.

Work at Bauhaus

While working at the Bauhaus, Klee was influenced, directly or indirectly, to Theosophy by his colleague Wassily Kandinsky. He was also exposed to the concepts of Rudolf Steiner.[1]


Additional resources


  1. Tessel M. Bauduin, "Abstract Art as 'By-Product of Astral Manifestation': The Influence of Theosophy on Modern Art in Europe" Handbook of the Theosophical Current (Leiden: Brill, 2013), 448.