Simla, India

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View from Shimla, May 2006. Photo by Michael Gomes.
Modern Shimla, May 2006. Photo by Michael Gomes.

Simla, pronounced and now spelled Shimla, was the summer capital of India during the British Raj. It is located in the state of Himachal Pradesh an elevation of 7,116 feet (2,169 m) in the foothills of the Himalayas. The mountainous terrain provided a climate that was much more tolerable to Europeans than the capital city of Calcutta (now Kolkata) during the summer monsoon. No railway was available until the Kalka-Shimla Railway was completed in 1903.[1] Early Theosophists in India would have travel by cart to reach the city.


  1. "Kalka-Simla Railway," Wikipedia.