Francis Bacon, 1st Viscount St. Alban, (January 22, 1561 – April 9, 1626), was an English philosopher, statesman, scientist, jurist, orator, essayist, and author. He served both as Attorney General and Lord Chancellor of England. Bacon has been called the creator of empiricism. His works established and popularised inductive methodologies for scientific inquiry, often called the Baconian method, or simply the scientific method. After his death, his works remained extremely influential, especially during the scientific revolution.