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Minerva is regarded as the Etruscan counterpart to the Greek goddess Athena. In the Roman empire she was the virgin goddess of poetry, medicine, wisdom, commerce, weaving, crafts, and magic. She is often depicted with her sacred creature, an owl usually named as the "owl of Minerva", which symbolizes her ties to wisdom. Like Athena, Minerva was born from the head of her father, Jupiter (Greek Zeus). It is possible that such a goddess was "imported" to both Greece and Italy from beliefs originating in the Near East during the extreme antiquity.

In one of his letters, Mahatma M. makes reference to Minerva in connection with A. O. Hume:

He would have no veneration for even his God, were not that God — of his own creation and making; and that is why he could neither be made amenable to any established doctrine, nor would he ever submit to a philosophy that did not come all armed, like the Grecian Saraswati or Minerva, out of his own — her father's — brain.[1]


  1. Vicente Hao Chin, Jr., The Mahatma Letters to A.P. Sinnett in Chronological Sequence No. 29 (Quezon City: Theosophical Publishing House, 1993), 90. See Mahatma Letter No. 29 page 9.