P. J. Maitland

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Maitland 1886 drawing of the Buddhas at Bamiyan

Captain P. J. Maitland was present at the dinner party at the home of A. O. Hume where the first of the brooch phenomena took place. Nothing more is known of his connections to Helena Petrovna Blavatsky and the early members of the Theosophical Society.

Military career

The only Captain P. J. Maitland in the Indian subcontinent at that time was in the staff corps of the 3rd Regiment, Sind Horse headquartered at Jacobabad [a northern province of Pakistan].[1] He wrote reports for the Afghan Boundary Commission between October 1884 and October 1886 about the social structures of the Hazaras and Turkmens.[2] Working with Captain M. G.Talbot, he conducted a topographic survey in the district of Bamiyan. Talbot "wrote a detailed report regarding the caves two colossi, and Maitland was the author of a series of drawings of the caves and statues."[3] Maitland later rose to the rank of Lt. Colonel.


  • Tahqiqi dar barah-i Hazarah’ha va Hazaristan: (guzarish-i Kumisyun-i sarhaddi-i Afghan va Ingilis) dar salha-yi 1878-89 M. Persian book about Hazaras, translated from English.
  • Diary of a Journey from Jacobabad to Panjgur and Exploration of Eastern Mekran 1881-82. Simla: Government Central Branch Press, 1883. Available from Hathitrust.
  • "The Rock-Cut Caves and Statues of Bamian" in The Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society, XVII, 1886. Coauthored by M. G. Talbot.
  • Captain Maitland's and Captain Talbot's Journeys in Afghanistan. London, 1887. Coauthored by M. G. Talbot.
  • Ethnographical or Racial Map of Afghanistan. Calcutta : Survey of India, 1892.
  • Modern Military Organisation and the British Army. London, 1905.


  1. Lieutenant General H. G. Hart, The New Army List Militia List, Yeomanry Cavalry List and Indian Civil Service List... (London: John Murray, 1881), 523.
  2. Robert L. Canfield and Gabriele Rasuly-Paleczek, editors, Ethnicity, Authority and Power in Central Asia: New Games Great and Small (London: Routledge, 2011). 131.
  3. Claudio Margottini, editor, After the Destruction of Giant Buddha Statues in Bamiyan (Afghanistan) in 2001 (New York: Springer, 2009), 29.