Charles Sotheran

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Charles Sotheran

Charles Sotheran (1847–1902) was present at the founding of the Theosophical Society in September, 1875, when he was elected Librarian of the new organization.[1] He was an antiquarian, bookseller, and journalist.

Personal life

Charles Sotheran was born on July 8, 1847 in Newington, London.[2] On January 2, 1869 he married Mary Eva MacManus, whose family came from Belfast.[3] In 1873 they immigrated to the United States. They had several children. Sotheran became a naturalized American citizen. After Mary Eva died, Sotheran married Allice Rhyne on October 17, 1893.[4] She was also a writer and journalist; they lived in Manhattan.[5] He died on June 26, 1902 in New York.

He was related to the famous London booksellers of the same name that has now been in business for over 250 years. He was with Sabin and Sons, Book-sellers, in New York, and was connected with their journal The American Bibliopolist.

Theosophical Society involvement

Charles Sotheran was present at the founding of the Theosophical Society, and was established as one of the first members on November 17, 1875.[6] He was responsible for bringing John W. Lovell into the new organization. Mr. Sotheran was appointed along with Henry J. Newton and H. M. Stevens to a committee instructed to draft a constitution and bylaws.

Historian Josephine Ransom said of him:

His temperament kept him and his friends in a turmoil. Three months after The Society was formed there was trouble, as Sotheran not only made inflammatory speeches at a political street meeting, to which H. P. B. objected, but he wrote bitterly in the newspapers against her and The Society. His resignation was accepted, and for the sake of protection, The Society was made into a secret body, with signs and passwords. Six months later Sotheran apologised and was taken back into membership. He gave useful help to H. P. B. in finding quotations and borrowing books for her during the writing of Isis Unveiled. Sotheran later published a small short-lived journal called The Echo. He became a considerable nuisance to H. P. B. and H. S. O., and after their departure to India was not again mentioned.[7]

Reviews of Cagliostro book, printed in Shelley book

Membership in other groups

Sotheran was initiated as a Freemason on April 8, 1872, in the United Grand Lodge of England.[8]According to an advertisement for his book on Cagliostro, Sotheran was also active in the English Brotherhood of the Rosie Cross, in Egyptian Rite masonry, and other organizations. See the illustration at the right.

Political activities

After leaving the Theosophical Society, Sotheran helped to organize the Socialist Labor Party and ran for Congress in 1894, in New York, on a populist ticket. He was expelled from the SLP and joined the Socialist Party.[9]


Sotheran wrote for New York papers including The Sun and The World. He also wrote books:

  • Alessandro di Cagliostro: Impostor or Martyr? A paper read before the New York Liberal Club, May 28, 1875. New York: D. M Bennett, 1875. Pamphlet.
  • Percy Bysshe Shelley as a Philosopher and Reformer. New York: C. P. Somerby, 1876.
  • Horace Greeley and Other Pioneers of American Socialism. New York: Humboldt Publishing, 1892.

Other resources

  • Letter to the editor, The Banner of Light, (January 15, 1876), 5. Sotheran explains his resignation from the Theosophical Society on January 5, 1976. Available at Blavatsky Archives website.
  • Sotheran,Charles at Theosophy World


  1. Josephine Ransom, A Short History of The Theosophical Society (Adyar, Madras, India: The Theosophical Publishing House, 1938), 82.
  2. England & Wales, Civil Registration Birth Index, 1837-1915.
  3. Birth, Marriage and Death Notices, 1738-1925, The Belfast Newsletter January 8, 1969.
  4. New York, Extracted Marriage Index, 1866-1937.
  5. 1900 U. S. Census.
  6. Theosophical Society General Membership Register, 1875-1942 at See book 1, entry 7 (website file: 1A/10).
  7. Josephine Ransom, A Short History of The Theosophical Society (Adyar, Madras, India: The Theosophical Publishing House, 1938), 114.
  8. United Grand Lodge of England Membership Registers, 1751-1921.
  9. Candace Falk, Emma Goldman: A Documentary History of the American Years Made for America, 1890-1901 (University of Illinois Press, 2008), 98.