I. K. Taimni
Taimni was born in 1898 in Kashmiri Mohalla, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India. His parents Prem Kishen Taimni and Biraj (née Gurtu) later shifted to Hardoi and then on to Allahabad where Prem Kishen Taimni got employment as Secretary Municipal Corporation, Allahabad. When Taimni was 11 years old he lost his mother to tuberculosis. His father never married again. The children, Iqbal Kishen and his sister Chandra (2 years younger than him), were brought up by their grandmother Bishen (née Ugra). Taimni had a distinguished academic career throughout, and was First class First student and a Gold Medalist.
Taimni married Kunwar (née Nagu) in Indore in 1922. She held a B.A. degree (earned in Benares), which was unusual for women of that time. He was selected for the Central Excise service but he declined the offer as he preferred teaching as a career and joined Allahabad University as a lecturer. Meanwhile Kunwar Taimni enrolled for M. A. classes in history at the same university. She went to the UK in 1926 on being offered a scholarship to do a Montessori teacher training course. Taimni accompanied her and got enrolled for a PhD in London University. They returned in 1928 after Mrs. Taimni completed her Montessori Diploma course and Taimni completed his PhD in Inorganic Chemistry.
On returning to India, Dr. Taimni resumed teaching as a Professor of Chemistry at the Allahabad University while his wife joined Krishna Ashram, Allahabad as a principal. It was a Montessori school for children sponsored by the Theosophical Society (Adyar). Taimni retired in 1960 and thereafter worked for two years with the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR).
When he was 21 years old, Taimni was admitted as a member of the Theosophical Society (Adyar) on November 19, 1919 in Allahabad. He and Mrs. Taimni were both lifelong members. After retiring Dr. Taimni studied Sanskrit and began to write articles and books on Theosophy and Hindu religious texts. He wrote an influential modern translation and interpretation of Yoga Sutras of Patanjali. In 1975 he was awarded the Subba Row Medal for his contributions to Theosophical literature.
Dr. Taimni was frequently invited to lecture. According to Joy Mills, "Dr. Taimni never visited the US. He was loath to travel, and although invited several times to visit Krotona as well as the American Section, he always refused.
These Taimni articles are avaiable online:
- "Preparation For Yoga".
- "The Paradox of Grace and Self-Reliant Effort".
- "Some Interesting Aspects of Meditation".
- "Spiritual Life and Perception".
- Gayatri. Wheaton, IL: Theosophical Publishing house, 1989.
- Glimpses into the Psychology of Yoga.
- Man, God and the Universe.
- Science and Occultism.
- The Science of Yoga: The Yoga Sutras of Patanjali. Available at Yogastudies.org.
- The Secret of Self-Realization. Adyar, Chennai, India: Theosophical Publishing House, 1974. Third reprint fro 1997 available at Theosophy World Resource Centre.
- Self Culture: In the Light of the Ancient Wisdom.
- Self Realization Through Love.
- Ultimate Reality & Realization.
- "Taimni, I. K." in Theosopedia.
- Theosophical Society General Membership Register, 1875-1942 at http://tsmembers.org/. See book 7, entry 79099 (website file: 7B/7).
- Joy Mills email to Janet Kerschner. May 31, 2012. Theosophical Society in America Archives."