Open Court Publishing Company

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Letterhead used by A. Dharmapala in writing to Dr. J. D. Buck, October 30, 1896.

The Open Court Publishing Company was a Chicago-based publisher responsible for a weekly publication, The Open Court, and a quarterly journal, The Monist. in 1896, Edward C. Hegeler was the President of the company, and Dr. Paul Carus was the editor. Over 500 books were published on philosophy, mathematics, Eastern religions, Christianity, sciences, and social issues. The editorial office was a 324 S. Dearborn Street in Chicago, but later moved to the family's home time of La Salle, Illinois, where it continues publication. During the time of Dr. Carus, the company worked cooperatively with Kegan Paul, Trench, Trübner and Co., Ltd. in London, and with Baker and Taylor in NY.

Anagarika Dharmapala had some connection to this company, as he used its letterhead to write to Dr. J. D. Buck in 1896, responding to a request for a speaking engagement.[1]


About 75 books were works by Dr. Carus. These are some other works published by Open Court, some as individual titles, and some in named series:

  • Alexander, Hartley Burr. Nature and human nature; essays metaphysical and historical. Chicago, 1923. 529 pages.
  • Cajori, Florin. A history of mathematical notations. 1928-1928. Two volumes. Available in limited form from Hathitrust.
  • Creel, Hurrlee Glessner . Sinism; a study of the evolution of the Chinese world-view. Chicago, 1929. 127 pages.
  • Cumont, Franz. The Mysteries of Mithra. Translated from the French. Chicago: Open Court Publishing Co.,1903.1910 (Second edition). 239 pages. Numerous editions by several publishers in French, English, German, and Persians. Several versions are available in digital form at Freading and Hathitrust.
  • Cumont, Franz, and Showerman, Grant. The Oriental Religions in Roman Paganism. Chicago, 1911. 298 pages. Available at Hathitrust and other sources. Translated into French, Italian, and German, and issued by numerous other publishers.
  • Dasgupta, Surendranath. Hindu mysticism; six lectures. Chicago, 1927. Northwestern University (Evanston, Ill.); Norman Wait Harris lectures ; 1926.
  • Dedekind, Richard, and Beman, Wooster Woodruff. Essays on the Theory of Numbers: I. Continuity and Irrational Numbers, II. The Nature and Meaning of Numbers. Chicago , 1911, 115 pages. Available at Hathitrust, Internet Archive, and other sources. Later editions in 1909, 1924, and by other publishers.
  • De Morgan, Augustus. A Budget of Paradoxes. Chicago: Open Court Publishing Co, 1915. Two volumes. 2nd edition of a work published in London, 1872. Available at Hathitrust, Internet Archive, and other sources.
  • De Morgan, Augustus. Essays on the life and work of Newton. Chicago, London, 1914. Edited, with notes and appendices, by Philip E.B. Jourdain
  • Descartes, René. The geometry of René Descartes. Chicago, London, 1925. Translated from the French and Latin by David Eugene Smith and Marcia L. Latham; with a facsimile of the first edition, 1637.
  • Deussen, Paul. The system of the Vedânta according to Bâdarâyana's Brahma-sûtras and Cankara's commentary thereon set forth as a compendium of the dogmatics of brahmanism from the standpoint of Çankara. Chicago, 1912. 513 pages. Authorized translation by Charles Johnston. Available at Hathitrust and Internet Archive.
  • Edmunds, Albert J. and Anesaki, Masaharu. Buddhist & Christian gospels. Being gospel parallels from Pali texts [reprinted with additions] now first compared from the originals. Tokyo, The Yuhokwan Pub. House [American agents: The Open Court Pub. Co. Chicago]. 3d and complete ed. Edited with parallels and notes from the Chinese Buddhist Tripitaka by M. Anesaki. 1905. 230 pages.
  • Fechner, G. T. On Life After Death. 1917. 3rd edition.
  • Hilbert, David. The foundations of geometry. Chicago, 1902. Translated from German and French.
  • Kitagawa, Joseph Mitsuo and Mahdi, Muhsin. 1959. 286 pages. Modern trends in world religions: Paul Carus Memorial Symposium. This volume has been digitized but is not yet available from Hathitrust. The Paul Carus Memorial Symposium was conducted in 1957 in Peru, Illinois.
  • La Mettrie, Julien Offray de; Bussey, Gertrude Carman; Calkins, Mary Whiton; and Frederick II, King of Prussia. Man a machine. Chicago: Open Court Publishing Co., 1912. 216 pages. "The French text presented in this volume is taken from that of a Leyden edition of 1748 ... The title page of this edition is reproduced in the present volume."--Preface./ The translation is founded on a version made by Miss Gertrude C. Bussey."
  • Lévy-Bruhl, Lucien, History of modern philosophy in France. Chicago, 1899 and 1924. Available at Hathitrust, Internet Archive and other sources.
  • Lobachevski, Nicholas. Geometrical researches on the theory of parallels. 1914. 50 pages. Translated from the original by George Bruce Halsted. Available from Hathitrust and Internet Archive.
  • Lovejoy, Arthur O. The Revolt Against Dualism: An Inquiry Concerning the Existence of Ideas. Chicago, 1929 and La Salle, 1930, 1955, and 1960. Various other publishers.
  • Mach, Ernst. Space and Geometry in the Light of Physiological, Psychological and Physical Inquiry. Chicago, 1906. 148 pages. Translated from the German by Thomas J. McCormack. Available at Hathitrust and other sources. Reprinted in La Salle, 1943, 1960
  • Redi, Francesco. Experiments on the generation of insects. Chicago, 1909. Translation from the Italian.
  • Romanes, George John. Darwin and after Darwin: an Exposition of the Darwinian Theory and a Discussion of Post-Darwinian Questions. Chicago, 1892-97. Three volumes. Available at APA PsychNet, Hathitrust, and other sources. Several later printings and editions.
  • Russell, Bertrand. Justice in War Time. Chicago, 1916. 243 pages. Other printings, editions, and publishers.
  • Schubert, Hermann. Mathematical essays and recreations. Chicago, 1898. 149 pages. Translated from the German by Thomas J. McCormack.
  • Smith, David Eugene and Mikami, Yoshio. A history of Japanese mathematics. Chicago, Open court Pub. Co., 1914. 288 pages. Available from Hathitrust, Internet Archive, and Google Books. Numerous other publishers and editions.
  • Smith, Thomas Vernor and Wright, William Kelley, editors.. Essays in philosophy. Chicago, London, 1929. Essays by seventeen doctors of philosophy of the University of Chicago.
  • Stanton, Elizabeth Cady. Suffrage a Natural Right. Chicago, 1894.
  • Suzuki, Daisetz Teitaro and Shaku, Soen. Sermons of a Buddhist abbot; addresses on religious subjects. Chicago, 1906. Sermons of Soen Shaku translated from the Japanese by Daisetz Teitaro Suzuki.
  • Suzuki, Daisetz Teitaro,; Carus, Paul. T`ai-shang kan-ying p`ien. Chicago, 1906. Treatise of the Exalted One on response and retribution. Translated from the Chinese by Teitaro Suzuki and Paul Carus, with sixteen plates by Chinese artists, and a frontispiece by Keichyu Yamada. Available at Hathitrust.
  • Suzuki, Daisetz Teitaro; Carus, Paul. Yin chih wen; the tract of the quiet way, with extracts from the Chinese commentary. Chicago, 1906. 48 pages. Translated from the Chinese by D. T.Suzuki and Dr. Paul Carus. Avilable at Hathitrust and Internet Archive.
  • Vries, Hugo de. Plant-breeding; comments on the experiments of Nilsson and Burbank. Chicago, The Open court Pub. Co., 1907. 360 pages. Available at Hathitrust, Internet Archive, and other sources. Numerous other publishers.
  • Wang, Yangming. The philosophy of Wang Yang-ming. Chicago, 1916. 512 pages. Translated from the Chinese by Frederick Goodrich Henke.

Library of Living Philosophers series

  • Jaspers, Karl. Edited by Paul Arthur Schilpp. The Philosophy of Karl Jaspers. La Salle, Ill.: Open Court Pub. Co.,1957. 934 pages. Number 9 in series. Limited availability from Hathitrust. Several other editions by other publishers; translated into Chinese.

The Carus Mathematical Monographs

This series was published in Chicago for the Mathematical Association of America.

  • Bliss, Gilbert Ames. Calculus of Variations. 1925. 189 pages.
  • Curtiss, David Raymond. Analytic Functions of a Complex Variable. 1926. 173 pages. Number 2 in series.
  • Rietz, H. L. Mathematical Statistics. 1927. 181 pages.
  • Smith, David Eugene and Ginsburg, Jekuthiel. A history of mathematics in America before 1900. 1934. 209 pages. Number 5 in series.
  • Young, John Wesley. Projective Geometry. 1930. 185 pages.

The Paul Carus Lectures

At least seven series of lectures was published in La Salle, Illinois.

  • Blanshard, Brand. Reason and analysis. La Salle, 1962. 12th series.
  • Dewey, John. Experience and Nature. Chicago. 1925. 433 pages. 1st series.
  • Lewis, Clarence Irving. An Analysis of Knowledge and Valuation. 1946. 567 pages. 7th series.
  • Mead, George Herbert . Edited by Arthur Edward Murphy. The Philosophy of the Present. 1932. 199 pages. 3rd series. Of the "Supplementary essays" (p. 93-195) the first three are selected from manuscripts which are obviously preliminary drafts of the Carus lectures, the fourth is reprinted from the Proceedings of the sixth International congress of philosophy, and the fifth from the International journal of ethics, April 1925. cf. Pref.

Series on Classics of Science and Philosophy

  • Cajori, Florian. A history of the conceptions of limits and fluxions in Great Britain: from Newton to Woodhouse. Chicago; London, 1919. Number 5 in series.
  • Cantor, Georg. Contributions to the founding of the theory of transfinite numbers. Chicago; London, 1915. Number 1 in series.
  • Diderot, Denis. Diderot's early philosophical works. Chicago, 1916. Number 5 in series.

Philosophical Classics: Religion of science library

  • Aristotle. Aristotle on his predecessors, being the first book of his metaphysic. Translated by A. E. Taylor. Chicago, 1949. Number 61.
  • Carus, Paul. God; an enquiry into the nature of man's highest ideal and a solution of the problem from the standpoint of science. Chicago, 1908. Number 65.


  1. A. Dharmapala letter to J. D. Buck. Dated October 30, 1896. Cincinnati Theosophical Society Papers. Records Series 20.02.01. Theosophical Society in America Archives.